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Color correction in Photoshop: 5 ways to do color correction
Before starting your acquaintance with color correction, it is worth clarifying that this topic is very extensive. To do color correction at the proper level, it is better to take special courses where they will teach you the basics of color harmony, teach you how to combine colors correctly and use existing methods and methods of color correction. And it is desirable to get a certificate. In the digital age, photo editing is a very lucrative business. And the most profitable investment at all times has been and remains education.
We will look at a basic universal color correction method.
Before doing color correction in Photoshop, you need to understand what it is and for what purpose it is applied.
Color correction is a change in the colors, tones and saturation of an image, it is used either to improve the picture, or as a creative technique. The first case can be attributed to the need to get more realistic colors or make the photo lighter. Indeed, with certain settings of photographic equipment, colors can be transmitted distorted, not the way we see them in real life. This also includes photo correction to increase the saturation of colors, for the sake of making the picture more attractive. In the second case, your own imagination will tell you color correction. This can be vintage color grading, fantastic landscape colors, and the like.
Color correction in Photoshop is done on adjustment layers. If you apply color correction to a layer with an image, then the image changes will be irreversible. Adjustment layers work like filters. All the effects of the adjustment layer will be visible in the image below this layer. Also, an adjustment layer will allow you to make changes to the final result, if necessary.
Automatic color correction
The easiest and fastest way for beginners is automatic color correction. Open the image in Photoshop, duplicate the image layer ( Ctrl + G ). Go to duplicate the layer and press the Shift + the Ctrl + Bed and . This Photoshop command automatically adjusts the contrast and color of an image by self-determining shadows, midtones, and highlights.
This is how the shots look before and after automatic color correction.
Hue / Saturation
Open up the image in Photoshop. On the layers palette, find a list of adjustment layers by clicking the half-filled circle icon.
In the list, select “Hue / Saturation” / Hue / Saturation .
In the layer settings dialog box, you can change the “Hue” / Hue , “Brightness” / Lightness (to make the picture lighter or darker) and “Saturation” / Saturation (to make faded or rich hues).
The image can be split into color channels. The settings allow you to work with all color channels at the same time or with one.
When working with a separate color channel, use the Eyedropper tool to select a specific shade that you want to change . Click on the tool icon, move to the desired area of the photo and make one click. You will see the stops on the gradients. On color gradients, you can limit the color range, then changes will occur only in it. By moving the limiters, you will set the working range.
Further, by moving the sliders of the hue, saturation and brightness, it remains to choose the settings according to your task. Let’s give this image a magenta hue to get a more colorful sunset. To do this, select the blue channel. Drag the range stop on the gradient to the right to capture the range of magenta tones. Closer to magenta displace the slider “Hue» / the Hue , Saturation add. When finished, close the settings window.
This is how it happened.
The Curves adjustment layer has more options than we’ll cover in the basic beginner’s method.
Open the image, call an adjustment layer “Curves” / Curves from the list of adjustment layers.
A dialog box with settings will open. Initially, the curve looks straight. We are interested in the Eyedropper tool . There are three of them. The first is responsible for the shadows, the second is for the mid tones, the third is for the highlights.
Now we take the pipettes in turn: the first one we click on the blackest part of the photo, the second – on the gray one, the third – on the whitest part.
With each pipette applied, you will see the changes. The curves of RGB color channels (red, green, blue) will appear on the graph. When finished, the curves window can be closed.
In the end, it will turn out like this.
For the Levels Adjustment Layer, we’ll also look at just a basic way of using it.
The raster image, and in this case the image of our photos, consists of dots. These points each have their own color. The black, gray and white points in the image are responsible for saturation, brightness and light. Adjustment layer “Levels” / Levels allows you to change the level of the point value. Level 0 is black pixels, 255 is white. Level 128 – gray. The remaining levels range between 0 and 255. Redistributing levels changes the tonal range of the image.
For quick color correction, you need to redistribute the midtone level. Open the image, in the list of adjustment layers select “Levels” / Levels .
In the settings dialog, select the middle eyedropper, which is responsible for the midtones. In the image, click on the area where the perfect gray should be. Then close the settings window. Thus, equal values of red, green and blue are selected.
As a result, we get a balanced saturated picture.
The name of this adjustment layer speaks for itself. This tool allows you to change colors in shadows, midtones and highlights.
Open the image and call a Color Balance adjustment layer .
In the dialog box, we will alternately select colors in shadows, midtones and highlights.
Color selection is carried out by shifting the sliders on the gradients of individual shades. This makes the greens and pinks more saturated.
Mid tone settings.
In the shadows.
In the lights. 1
As you can see, we moved the magenta-green gradient slider towards magenta in the midtones and highlights. This increased the saturation of the colors. We changed the shade of green by moving the slider towards green in the shadows. Our result: green is closer to what we see with our own eyes in nature; flowers became richer in color.
With color correction, you can completely change the mood of the picture. Even using these simple examples, boring pictures can be made interesting. Don’t stop there. Explore topics deeper. More practice, you will definitely succeed!